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Tertiary sector buildings consume a sizeable proportion of EU total energy consumption and the majority of consumption is directly attributed to the operational phase of the building life-cycle. Occupant behaviour is a major cause of this consumption. OrbEEt proposes an ICT-based framework to induce behaviour change toward energy efficiency by transforming energy measurements into personalized feedback delivered through engaging user interfaces. To achieve this challenge, OrbEEt foresees dynamic, spatially fine-grained extensions of building-level Operational Rating methodologies and Display Energy Certificates to provide a detailed view of energy use in office spaces, business processes and organizational entities rather than entire buildings. The fusion of information from Building Information Models, Business Process Models and real-time energy use measurement via a comprehensive ICT cloud service - the Systemic Enterprise Operational Rating framework - will enable energy use tracking and will establish direct accountability of people, processes and spaces toward overall consumption.
The project NOBEL GRID, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, will provide advanced tools and ICT services to all actors in the Smart Grid and retail electricity market in order to ensure benefits from cheaper prices, more secure and stable grids and clean electricity. These tool and services will enable active consumers’ involvement, new business models for new actors and the integration of distributed renewable energy production.
Keywords / tags: Smart grid, retail electricity markets, Information Communication Technology (ICT), flexible renewable energy integration, consumers prosumers, smart meters, Distribution System Operators.
The strategic goal of BESOS is to enhance existing neighbourhoods with decision support system to provide coordinated management of public infrastructures in Smart Cities, and at the same time provide citizens with information to promote sustainability and energy efficiency.
Estfeed project built a software platform capable to integrate many data sources and to provide appropriate services to convert these data into valuable information for energy flexibility management, energy efficiency, audit and benchmarking.
The distribution network has traditionally been a passive network, which means to pass power from bulk-supply points to consumers. Yet, due to the increase of distributed generation sources and the injection of new loads (integration of Evs for instance), distribution networks are evolving towards active networks. Future distribution networks, embedded between transmission networks and end-consumers, will become increasingly equipped and will take advantage of new techniques of monitoring, control, data analysis, communication infrastructure, planning and small-scale generation in order to support distribution network operation in an efficient way.
The current generation of smart grid demonstration projects is very much focused on technology and the functioning of electricity grids. There is little insight in the behaviour of consumers in a connected living environment. Nor is there a comprehensive view on the potential participation of small end-consumers into power markets. Nevertheless, the success of active load and demand-side management strongly depends on appropriate technologies, incentives and consumer acceptance.
ADDRESS was a Research, Development and Demonstration project (2008-2013) coordinated by ENEL Distribuzione.
Started in November 2011 for a duration of 51 months, this FP7 project lays the groundwork for the development of tomorrow's electricity grids. It will test the potential of smart grids in areas such as the integration of DER, the integration of small-scale storage, the integration of electric vehicles (EVs), grid automation, energy efficiency and load shaping.
To realize an implementation breakthrough for automated residential demand response by means of a pilot and to evaluate the technology, economical value and user acceptance.
The ADVANCED project (Active Demand Value ANd Consumers Experiences Discovery) is a research project co-funded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013). It aims at developing actionable frameworks enabling residential, commercial and industrial consumers to participate in AD (active demand) thus contributing to AD mass deployment in Europe.
The investigations in ADVANCED rely on the definition of a conceptual model of active consumer participation in which all relevant factors influencing the participation of consumers in Active Demand (AD) programs are included and their relationships described.
Active Demand (AD) and the associated demand response benefits can help meet EU’s energy policy goals (affordable, sustainable and secure energy). In order to make these programmes measurable Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) were identified within the ADVANCED project.
Smart Infrastructure Salzburg also includes intelligent system integration for electromobility. In this area of application, the effects of a high concentration of electric vehicles on the power grid were examined (simulation of EV charging) and a concept for interaction between the power system and its users was developed. Since widespread congestion on the low voltage distribution grid is to be expected when market penetration reaches 25 % to 40 % depending on the charging strategy, the development and implementation of adaptive charging is recommended. Until this concept can be put into place, three-phase charging with low charging capacities can prevent grid overloads. Vehicle-to-grid delivery of electricity is not economically feasible due to current market conditions since present costs are around twice as high as the economic benefits.
Started in November 2011 for a duration of 51 months, the Grid4EU project lays the groundwork for the development of tomorrow's electricity grids. Grid4EU consists of six large-scale demonstrations (one per DSO leading the project), which will be tested over a period of four years. The emphasis will be on fostering complementarity between these projects, and on promoting transversal research and sharing results between the different DSOs involved.
The S3C project aims at developing ready-to-use tools for long-term end-user engagement by addressing the end-user in his three roles as smart consumer, customer and citizen. An interactive toolkit website will be developed throughout the project. The first S3C deliverable (D1.1) describes a variety of insights on end-user engagement in smart grid projects from a theoretical and from an empirical perspective. From the theoretical perspective, we found that various theories exist that can be used to frame and analyse consumer behaviour.
The ADDRESS system has been tested in Italy , as shown in the diagram below, specifically focusing onto the validation of the upstream part of the ADDRESS chain, going from Active Demand buyers to the aggregation platform, with a focus on the DSO and related distribution network operations for a large MV network, and on the effect of Active Demand (AD) visible at the High Voltage level.
A full ADRRESS system has been tested in France , involving electricity producers and consumers as shown in the diagram below. The French field test focuses on the validation of the whole ADDRESS “value chain” going from Active Demand buyers to controllable appliances at consumers’ premises, but at a relatively small scale, with several tens of consumers, one MV feeder and several LV networks.
An important output of the ADDRESS project is the provision of a series of recommendations towards the main key players of the demand response game: aggregation functions, consumers, system operators, deregulated players, standard committees and regulators, technology manufacturers.
Promoting the active demand of a large number of small electricity consumers/prosumers may lean on an aggregation function carried out by a deregulated player. The aggregation service is central in the proposed architecture developed and tested by the ADDRESS consortium.
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