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The FLEXICIENCY project aims to demonstrate that the deployment of novel services in the electricity retail markets, such as advanced monitoring, local energy control and flexibility, can be accelerated thanks to an open European market place for standardised interactions among electricity stakeholders within and across borders. This will open up the energy market to new players at EU level.
Estfeed project built a software platform capable to integrate many data sources and to provide appropriate services to convert these data into valuable information for energy flexibility management, energy efficiency, audit and benchmarking.
The GREDOR project addresses challenges in the management of distribution systems raised by the integration of renewable energy sources and new consumption practices, from investment decisions to real-time control. It also aims at proposing and analyzing interaction models for organizing exchanges of flexibility between stakeholders. GREDOR is funded by the Public Service of Wallonia, coordinated by the University of Liège and encompasses 7 industrial and academic partners.
The current generation of smart grid demonstration projects is very much focused on technology and the functioning of electricity grids. There is little insight in the behaviour of consumers in a connected living environment. Nor is there a comprehensive view on the potential participation of small end-consumers into power markets. Nevertheless, the success of active load and demand-side management strongly depends on appropriate technologies, incentives and consumer acceptance.
The aim of the FP7 project OPTIMATE was to develop a simulation platform, i.e. to develop market simulation tools, with the aim to cope with massive renewable energy integration into the EU network.
The aim of the IEE-EU project Market4RES is to investigate the potential evolution of the EU electricity Target Model in order to secure the European power system decarbonisation with large amounts of renewables.
The E-DeMa project in the model region Rhein-Ruhr was initiated in the framework of the German lighthouse project initiative E-Energy (2008-2012) and aimed at designing ICT-based solutions enabling the intelligent utilisation of all resources at the model region’s disposal. Additionally, the project targeted the optimisation as well as the integration of the energy system starting from generation to storage, up to the distribution of electricity leading to an efficient final consumption through new services based on metering data and energy management services.
Within the Cuxhaven region, the project eTelligence belonging to the German Smart Grids lighthouse programme E-Energy (2008-2012) developed and tested a complex ICT-based system to balance the intermittent feed-in from wind energy generation.
Salzburg is one of the pioneers in Europe in developing smart energy networks. This is why it was chosen by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund to be the first Smart Grids Model Region in Austria. Smart Grids Model Region Salzburg is supported by an interdisciplinary team from the energy sector (Salzburg AG, Salzburg Netz GmbH), a property developer (Salzburg Wohnbau), a technology vendor (Siemens), consulting services (Fichtner) and renowned research institutions (Austrian Institute of Technology, Vienna University of Technology, CURE). The goal is to create a holistic smart grid system called Smart Infrastructure Salzburg.
SiNGULAR investigates the effects of large-scale integration of renewables and demand-side management on the planning and operation of insular electricity grids, proposing efficient measures, solutions and tools towards the development of a sustainable and smart grid.
Started in November 2011 for a duration of 51 months, this FP7 project lays the groundwork for the development of tomorrow's electricity grids. It will test the potential of smart grids in areas such as the integration of DER, the integration of small-scale storage, the integration of electric vehicles (EVs), grid automation, energy efficiency and load shaping.
The ADVANCED project (Active Demand Value ANd Consumers Experiences Discovery) is a research project co-funded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013). It aims at developing actionable frameworks enabling residential, commercial and industrial consumers to participate in AD (active demand) thus contributing to AD mass deployment in Europe.
Active Demand (AD) and the associated demand response benefits can help meet EU’s energy policy goals (affordable, sustainable and secure energy). In order to make these programmes measurable Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) were identified within the ADVANCED project.
Integrating renewable energy sources into the distribution network (SGMS project) requires intelligent network control solutions that involve producers and consumers to use the existing infrastructure more efficiently and to increase the hosting capacity of the network to handle energy flow from decentralized renewable sources. For this purpose, an internationally premiered prototype was developed for medium voltage networks, out of which a product that is suitable for general use can be created. The prototype has shown that an increase in generating capacity in the critical section of the network in the Demo Region by approximately 20 % is realistic. A functional solution for voltage control in low voltage networks was also developed and implemented in the Model Community of Köstendorf. Due to the numerous stakeholders and applications that must be taken into consideration at this level, it is extremely important to develop rules for how they will interact.
In contrast to a conscious change in behavior among residential customers, systems that condition buildings can be automated and therefore manage loads without being noticed by the user. This approach particularly uses thermal inertia combined with thermoelectric coupling in buildings, and takes into account existing technologies but also examines and develops new solutions. The former comprises systems that can be managed using ripple controls. Its load shifting potential has been shown to be approximately 10% of peak load in a select test area with a high penetration of electric space heaters. Due to its limited applicability and its neglect of processes within buildings, it can be seen as a transitional technology.
The second, more forward-looking approach is based on expanding building automation systems, for example, by incorporating the current condition of the network into the optimization process. A newly developed Building Energy Agent bundles all the shiftable loads in the building, in particular those of heating and cooling units, and communicates with the electricity system. If buildings are well insulated, electricity use from the heating system can be shifted by up to twelve hours without resulting in a loss of comfort.
In a single industrial production company, more than four megawatts in capacity could be shifted with comparably little effort. A storage system is required in the production process in order to be able to continue production despite the shutdown of machines. Currently, commercial customers create a financial advantage primarily by optimizing the purchase of electricity on the market.
The S3C project aims at developing ready-to-use tools for long-term end-user engagement by addressing the end-user in his three roles as smart consumer, customer and citizen. An interactive toolkit website will be developed throughout the project. The first S3C deliverable (D1.1) describes a variety of insights on end-user engagement in smart grid projects from a theoretical and from an empirical perspective. From the theoretical perspective, we found that various theories exist that can be used to frame and analyse consumer behaviour.
The “Day-ahead design” study performed with the OPTIMATE platform aims at analyzing, for an isolated France-Belgium setup, the influence of two variables onto CO2 emissions, electricity prices and social welfare: the day-ahead closure time, thus allowing to discuss operational rules related to market closure conditions; and several load flexibility levels, thus allowing to contribute to the debate on market instruments for generation.
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