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The project NOBEL GRID, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, will provide advanced tools and ICT services to all actors in the Smart Grid and retail electricity market in order to ensure benefits from cheaper prices, more secure and stable grids and clean electricity. These tool and services will enable active consumers’ involvement, new business models for new actors and the integration of distributed renewable energy production.
Keywords / tags: Smart grid, retail electricity markets, Information Communication Technology (ICT), flexible renewable energy integration, consumers prosumers, smart meters, Distribution System Operators.
Estfeed project built a software platform capable to integrate many data sources and to provide appropriate services to convert these data into valuable information for energy flexibility management, energy efficiency, audit and benchmarking.
Salzburg is one of the pioneers in Europe in developing smart energy networks. This is why it was chosen by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund to be the first Smart Grids Model Region in Austria. Smart Grids Model Region Salzburg is supported by an interdisciplinary team from the energy sector (Salzburg AG, Salzburg Netz GmbH), a property developer (Salzburg Wohnbau), a technology vendor (Siemens), consulting services (Fichtner) and renowned research institutions (Austrian Institute of Technology, Vienna University of Technology, CURE). The goal is to create a holistic smart grid system called Smart Infrastructure Salzburg.
INERTIA project addresses the "structural inertia" of existing Distribution Grids by introducing more active elements combined with the necessary control and distributed coordination mechanisms. To this end INERTIA will adopt the Internet of Things/Services principles to the Distribution Grid Control Operations.
Inovgrid is EDP’s umbrella project for smart grids. It presents an answer to several challenges, including: the need for increased energy efficiency; the pressure to reduce costs and increase operational efficiency; the integration of a large share of dispersed generation; the integration of electric vehicles and the desire to empower customers and support the development of new energy services.
To realize an implementation breakthrough for automated residential demand response by means of a pilot and to evaluate the technology, economical value and user acceptance.
The Smart Watts project was funded under the German E-Energy lighthouse programme (2008 – 2012). Its field-test was located in Aachen and the consortium identified the target to create an unbundling-compliant information and control model for the energy system providing all market participants with current data on generation and consumption in real-time.
In the Harz region in Germany, a model project with a strong regional focus was developed and implemented within the lighthouse Smart Grids programme E-Energy (20098- 2012).
Eighteen partners as well as four associated firms – many of them settled and active in the region themselves including several small-sized regional utilities and SME’s with a focus on new energy services and products - constituted the RegModHarz consortium. Together, the consortium implemented a virtual power plant considering the integration of DER (suppliers), consumers, and the Integration of small-scale storage units.
The Smart Watts project was initiated within the German E-Energy programme on the development and testing of Smart Grids (2008 – 2021). The project consortium‘s declared goal lay in the design and implementation of an unbundling compliant information and control model for the energy system that supplies all market participants with near real-time data on generation and consumption of energy. That way, an intelligent supply management is enabled by a comprehensive control and optimisation of energy portfolios.
The consumer behaviour with regard to adapting their consumption to new price signals has been tested and controversially discussed for years. As a result, the E-Energy model region Model City Mannheim (moma) had declared customer research as one of their main focus areas. The idea of the complex tariff system fully deployed during the third field trial was not only to transfer changing energy prices from e.g. the EPEX spot market or the availability of renewable energy on the local distribution grid, but also to deliberately test price spreads and thus the price elasticity of customer decisions made on electricity consumption.
The investigations in ADVANCED rely on the definition of a conceptual model of active consumer participation in which all relevant factors influencing the participation of consumers in Active Demand (AD) programs are included and their relationships described.
In a field test, various energy feedback methods produced average electricity savings of 6.7 %, which because of the level of variance is of uncertain statistical significance and cannot be directly attributed to a particular feedback method. On the whole, feedback on electricity consumption is a valuable source of information for residential customers despite them losing interest. Generating an added value by integrating other services would offer a potential improvement. The same can be said for recommendations for shifting time of consumption in order to decrease electricity costs (a further value added feature). A decentralized solution for real-time feedback is recommended due to its lower costs. Data would be transferred from the smart meter to a gateway or a local computer and then visualized.
The S3C project aims at developing ready-to-use tools for long-term end-user engagement by addressing the end-user in his three roles as smart consumer, customer and citizen. An interactive toolkit website will be developed throughout the project. The first S3C deliverable (D1.1) describes a variety of insights on end-user engagement in smart grid projects from a theoretical and from an empirical perspective. From the theoretical perspective, we found that various theories exist that can be used to frame and analyse consumer behaviour.
The ADDRESS system has been tested in Spain  involving electricity consumers as shown in the diagram below. The Spanish field test is dedicated to the validation of the downstream part of the ADDRESS chain, going from the aggregation platform to the controllable appliances located within each participating consumers’ premises.
A full ADRRESS system has been tested in France , involving electricity producers and consumers as shown in the diagram below. The French field test focuses on the validation of the whole ADDRESS “value chain” going from Active Demand buyers to controllable appliances at consumers’ premises, but at a relatively small scale, with several tens of consumers, one MV feeder and several LV networks.
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